By Efrain Cortes
It has survived ages of violent persecution. Its enemies attempted to snuff the life right out of it by nailing its bloodied founder to a tree. From its beginnings, Those who dared proclaim allegiance to it were fed to the beasts that entertained the pagan crowds of the Roman Empire. But the pages of history declare it most emphatically:
That great conqueror of nations whose military forces blanketed the earth from end to end, that terrible subduer of institutions, the great and powerful Roman Empire, came crumbling down on the sands upon which it was founded!
Yet unlike that pagan empire of old, it continued to flourish and take hold. And along the way, it and it alone, has faced down the scourge of the Mongols, the Barbarians, Attila the Hun, the Arians, and Islam.
Its Pontiffs, as the great Anglican, Lord Macaulay so eloquently put it, “Can be traced in unbroken succession, from the crowning of Napoleon in the nineteenth century, to the crowning of Pepin in the eight,” and far beyond that still.
In most recent history, those who have unleashed their wrath against it have included such Godless tyrants as, Lenin, Stalin, Mussolini, and Hitler. But yet, all of these have long served as nourishment for maggots, while today it marches vibrantly onward serving as nourishment for souls.
Yes fellow Catholics, it - Christianity has survived the peril of all the ages.
It has witnessed the rise and fall of dynasties and republics, societies and civilizations, kingdoms and dictatorships. Countrymen of great valor and honor have sailed the vastitude of the oceans for the sole purpose of safeguarding it and practicing it freely - without hindrance from government rule. And alas, it was upon its principles, upon its teachings, and upon its laws that those courageous countrymen would found the great country in which we live today. But Christianity fellow Catholics, is not without its enemies, not even in the very bosom of liberty.
In fact, Christianity is surrounded by forces who are bent on eliminating it from our country’s public square.
Now, it has been through the grace of God, that ‘AGAINST ALL HERESIES’ has been able to play a small role in crying out and exposing some of those enemies who seek to destroy the fullness of Christianity from within (and I thank God every day for the opportunity to do so. it is a privilege). But today fellow Catholics, ‘AGAINST ALL HERESIES’ will be centering its focus on the forces that threaten Christianity from without. In particular, the ACLU, and Communism.
Now some of us might be wondering, why such an odd combination? After all, does not the ACLU stand for the civil liberties of American citizens? What then does the ACLU have to do with Communism - an ideology of enslavement which in complete contrast, seeks to strip away the civil liberties of all of its citizens? Well fellow Catholics, that will be the goal for today, to unveil the Communist core of the American Civil Liberties Union! Perhaps then, we will better understand the ACLU’s diabolical obsession with the elimination of Christianity from the public square.
But before we get to the core of the ACLU, it is of the utmost importance that we first lay to utter waste the number one tactic in their strategic arsenal! Let’s have some fun shall we.
Now, We may all be familiar with the ACLU’s all out assault on the Ten Commandments, as it goes throughout the country demanding their removal from government buildings under the “legal” doctrine of “separation of church and state” - a doctrine provided within the framing of the First Amendment of the Constitution. Well, if anyone is nodding their heads in a yes motion as they read this then here, is where the fun begins. You see fellow Catholics, the First Amendment of the Constitution makes no such provision. the First Amendment of our American Constitution reads as follows:
“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof...”
No “separation of church and state” there. In fact, upon close examination it becomes quite apparent that the First Amendment of the Constitution was intended to protect religion from the government. And the way in which the First Amendment would secure this protection for the American people, would be by ensuring that government would be devoid of any right to enact laws that would establish a state-run religion, or laws that would prohibit the people from exercising their chosen religion freely. This would make perfect sense, since those who fled to the shores of this country did so, precisely, because they wished to escape the shackles that their country’s state-established religion had set upon their right to exercise their individual religious beliefs. In essence, the First Amendment of the Constitution could be read as follows:
“Congress shall make no law that establishes a religion, and it shall not prohibit the free exercise of religion.”
But the argument could be made that there is an “implied” separation of church and state within the framing of the First Amendment. And I agree. But that “implied” separation is directed at the government not the “church.” The First Amendment does not prohibit the church from “meddling” with the state as the ACLU would have us believe, but quite to the contrary, it prohibits the state from meddling with the church.
In fact, according to renowned, and award winning American historian, David Barton, Thomas Jefferson, one of our country's founders, expressed this same sentiment in a letter to Samuel miller in 1808 when he wrote the following in reference to the First Amendment: “I consider the government of the United States as interdicted [prohibited] from intermeddling with religious institutions...or exercises.”
Where then does the “separation of church and state” doctrine come from, if it is not embedded within the framing of the First Amendment, as we have been deceived into believing by the ACLU and our runaway courts?
Ironically enough fellow Catholics, it comes from a private letter which Thomas Jefferson wrote in January of 1802 to the Baptist Association of Danbury, Connecticut. Shortly after he became president, Jefferson wrote:
“I contemplate with solemn reverence the act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should “make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,” thus building a wall of separation between church and state.”
But again fellow Catholics, the "wall" that Jefferson refers to is the wall that prohibits the state from meddling with the church. Take note that Jefferson clearly states: “...the act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should “make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” The “wall” therefore, refers to a prohibition set upon the government (the legislature) not the “church.” We see this in other statements made by Jefferson years before and after he had written the above letter to the Danbury Baptist Association:
“[N]o power over the freedom of religion...[is] delegated to the United States by the Constitution (Kentucky Resolution, 1798).”
“In matters of religion, I have considered that its free exercise is placed by the Constitution independent of the powers of the general [federal] government (Second Inaugural Address 1805).”
“[O]ur excellent Constitution...has not placed our religious rights under the power of any public functionary (Letter to the Methodist Episcopal Church 1808).”
Take note fellow Catholics, that in this particular letter Jefferson clearly states, no public functionary, (this would include the courts), “have power over our religious rights under the Constitution.” But yet, in 1962 in the case of Engel v. Vitale the United States Supreme Court took the right to pray in public schools away from its American citizens. And it was fifteen years prior to this Supreme Court Decision that a private letter by Thomas Jefferson to the Danbury Baptist Association, served as the sole source that inspired the 1947 United States Supreme Court, in the case of Everson v. Board of Education, to declare:
“The First Amendment has erected a wall between church and state. The wall must be kept high and impregnable. We could not approve the slightest breach.”
According to American Historian David Barton, “There is probably no other instance in America’s history where words spoken by a single individual in a private letter - words clearly divorced from their context - have become the sole authorization for a national policy.”
But since the courts have indeed chosen to make this letter by Jefferson to the Danbury Baptist Association, the sole authority for a national policy - the “separation of church and state,” why then have the courts chosen to ignore Jefferson’s private letter to the Methodist Episcopal church of 1808, wherein Jefferson specifically stated:
“[O]ur excellent Constitution...has not placed our religious rights under the power of any public functionary?”
And if Jefferson’s “wall of separation” statement should truly be interpreted to mean that religion is prohibited from “meddling” with the government, why is it that Thomas Jefferson himself did not seem to have any problem with that idea whatsoever! In an 1822 letter to Dr. Thomas Cooper, Jefferson wrote:
“In our village of Charlottesville, there is a good degree of religion...We have four sects, but without either church or meeting-house. The court-house is the common temple, one Sunday in the month to each.”
Do take note fellow Catholics, that this letter by Jefferson to Dr. Cooper was written twenty years after his “wall of separation” statement in his letter to the Baptist Association of Danbury in 1802. So if the “wall of separation” statement should truly be interpreted to mean what the ACLU and today’s activist judges have twisted it to mean, why then do we find the author of the phrase himself allowing worship services to take place in a government building - a court-house? Furthermore, why does Jefferson go so far as to refer to that court-house as a temple? Separation of church and state? Go sell it to someone else ACLU!
But not only is the ACLU’s “separation of church and state” argument Constitutionally, and historically flawed, it is also riddled with hypocrisy! Let us take a look at a couple of quite telling examples:
According to the Christian Intelligence Digest, when Arizona Governor, Jane Hull, issued a proclamation celebrating the birth of Buddha in May of 2000, an ACLU spokesperson stated, “Although we think proclamations may be inappropriate, they may not violate the Constitution.”
But just two years earlier, when Governor Hull issued that same constitutionally sound proclamation declaring a “Bible week,” the ACLU sued, claiming a violation of, you guessed it, “separation of church and state.”
In a more recent case, the ACLU sued Los Angeles County because its official seal carried a small ‘Latin Cross’ on it. According to Devvy Kidd of NewsWith Views.com, The ACLU claimed that the cross was a “sectarian religious symbol” and that it reflected an “Impermissible endorsement of Christianity.” But yet fellow Catholics, the more visible Greek Goddess of vegetation which is displayed at the very center of the Los Angeles County seal, did not seem to disturb those great guardians of the First Amendment, the ACLU, in the slightest! Clearly then, the “endorsement” of the religion of Wicca by the Los Angeles County seal is considered to be “permissible” and not a violation of “separation of church and state” by the ACLU. While the religion of Christianity, upon which this country was founded, is impermissible and a clear violation of the “separation of church and state” doctrine! Are we having fun yet fellow Catholics? Well hold on, because there is much, much more:
In 1961, in the case of Torcaso v. Watkins, the Supreme Court declared:
“Among religions in this country which do not teach what would generally be considered a belief in the existence of God are Buddhism, Taoism, Ethical Culture, Secular Humanism and others.”
First, let us take note that the Supreme Court includes the word “others” in its declaration. And so the religion of Wicca, the pagan religion “endorsed” by the Los Angeles County seal, would no doubt fall under the court’s category of religions that do not teach a belief in the existence of God. Also Buddhism, for which the Arizona Governor issued a proclamation, is specifically mentioned in the Supreme Court decision. But yet, it is these Godless religions that are allowed, without hindrance by the ACLU, to “intermeddle” with the U.S. government. Why is that fellow Catholics? Well tell ya what, let us allow that one to simmer a bit shall we.
Now, there is one more that the Supreme Court declared to be among those Godless religions in 1961, and that is, Secular Humanism. And herein lies the death blow to the ACLU’s “separation of church and state” doctrine fellow Catholics.
You see in light of this valuable piece of information, there are a couple of very important questions that must be asked:
Question number one:
How is it that the United States Supreme Court, the same court who in 1947 ruled that, “The First Amendment has erected a wall between church and state,” and that “The wall must be kept high and impregnable,” and that it Could therefore "not approve the slightest breach,” could at the same time allow Secular Humanism to be taught in our public schools (did you know that?) when that very court has declared Secular Humanism to be a religion Thereby, violating its own “separation of church and state” doctrine?
And question number two:
Why has the ACLU, the self-professed champion of that doctrine, not filed any suits in defense of that doctrine in this instance?
But there are those who will ignore these questions and attempt to argue that the courts have no business declaring what is and what is not a religion. And therefore, discard this ruling by the Supreme Court altogether. But ironically enough, it is those very persons who uphold the right of that very court, to throw Christian prayer out of those same schools who will pathetically grasp onto this ridiculous argument! And still there are others who will accept that Secular Humanism is indeed a religion but who hold that the notion that the religion of Secular Humanism is taught in public schools, to be nothing more than a fabrication by overzealous Christians who will stop at nothing to discredit the good name of the American Civil Liberties Union. But those who would ascribe to this non-sense must first explain the statements made by some of the most prominent Secular Humanists of our time. Such as Charles Francis Potter, signer of the Humanist Manifesto, who in his book, Humanism: a New Religion (1930), wrote:
“Education is thus a most powerful ally of Humanism, and every American school is a school of Humanism. What can a theistic Sunday school’s meeting for an hour once a week and teaching only a fraction of the children do to stem the tide of the five-day program of Humanistic teaching.”
Take note fellow Catholics, the very title of this book which was published in 1930 specifically refers to Secular Humanism as a religion! And not only that, but within its pages lies the affirmation that Secular Humanism has long been taught in our public schools. And so in all actuality, a breach of the so called “wall of separation” had existed long before the 1947 Supreme Court declared that such a thing as a “wall of separation” had ever been “erected by the First Amendment,” and that it could therefore, “not approve the slightest breach!”
And for those of us who remain with a need for further evidence, Secular Humanism is a religion which, according to the first two planks of the Humanist Manifesto, its members attest to the following beliefs:
“Religious humanists regard the universe as self existing and not created.”
And in its second plank, the Manifesto states:
“Humanism believes that man is a part of nature and that he has emerged as a result of a continuous process.”
In other words, the religion of Secular Humanism teaches the theory of evolution. A theory that is indeed taught in our public schools. But yet, the ACLU’s silence is deafening! Why is the ACLU not swarming court-houses throughout the country like locusts, when it is precisely their “separation of church and state” doctrine that hangs in the balance? But brace yourselves fellow Catholics because the hypocrisy of the ACLU goes much further than this.
You see in 1981, according to Answers.com, “the ACLU filed suit to challenge the Arkansas Creationism Statute, which required the teaching in public schools of the biblical story of creation as a scientific alternative to the Humanist [doctrine] of evolution. As a result, the Arkansas statute was declared to be unconstitutional, by a Federal District Court judge.” But yet, the religious doctrine of evolution is taught in Arkansas' public schools to this very day! And so again, Why is it that the ACLU allows Godless religions such as Wicca, Buddhism, and Secular Humanism to remain on government seals, why is it “permissible” for the government to honor them by issuing proclamations in recognition of them, why is it that the ACLU goes as far as to allow them to be taught in our public schools, in blatant violation of their precious “separation of church and state” “doctrine,” Why is that fellow Catholics??
Well, the answer is that like Wicca, Buddhism, and Secular Humanism, the ACLU is a Godless institution! And the “separation of church and state” doctrine, the number one tactic in their strategic arsenal, is the biggest lie that has ever been sold to the American people! The ACLU cares not one iota about religion “intermeddling” with the government (as long as it suits their own Godless persuasion), the ACLU, like the Communists of old cares only about Christianity “intermeddling” with the government (a notion inherently absent in American history or the Constitution). And make no mistake about it, the ACLU, like the Lenins, the Stalins, Mussolinis, and Hitlers of recent history, have waged an all out war on Christianity to ensure that this absolutely does not happen!
But the Communist plot has been revised under the banner of the ACLU. No longer is the Communist enemy readily identified by the swastika adorning his military uniform, no longer does he openly parade his armies of darkness through the streets of Russian cities and towns, no longer does he wield a deadly bayonet, or sound off the thunderous canons of his German tanks. No, under the ACLU the Communist enemy has exchanged his swastika for a law license! Under the ACLU the Communist enemy has veiled his armies of darkness behind the cloak of jurisprudence! And under the ACLU, the weapon of choice has become the very instrument that has made it possible for Christianity to flourish in this great country - the American Constitution!
And if we doubt that this is so, if we believe that I have foolishly misspoken, then prepare yourselves to be blown away fellow Catholics as we begin to connect the dots.
Now, the following information concerning the lead founder and key members of the ACLU was compiled and entered into the appendix of the United States Congressional Record of September 20 1961. It is within this astonishing information that the true face of the American Civil Liberties union is completely and utterly exposed:
According to the United States Congressional Record of September 20 1961, “Roger Baldwin, [lead] founder and guiding light of the ACLU for over 30 years," was at that time, "a member of the national committee of the ACLU.” And as of that time in September 20 of 1961, Roger Baldwin had a record of over “100 communist front affiliations.” The Congressional record then goes on to quote an entry by Mr. Baldwin in his 1935 Reunion book in which Mr. Baldwin stated the following:
“I seek social ownership of property, the abolition of the propertied class, and sole control of those who produced the wealth: communism is the goal.”
Keep in mind fellow Catholics, Roger Baldwin was the lead founder of the ACLU. The Congressional Record then proceeds to reveal the communist ties of key members within the organization:
Dr. Harry Ward, first Chairman of the ACLU, according to the Congressional Record, had over “200 Communist front affiliations and citations listed by the House Committee on UnAmerican Activities (HCUA).” He had been "chairman of one of the largest Communist fronts to flourish in this country, the “American League for Peace and Democracy,” which had been placed on the Attorney General of the United States’ list of subversive organizations on June 1, 1948.” Additionally, Mr. Ward was "the author of Soviet Democracy, and Soviet Spirit, two pro-Communist books which clearly showed Ward’s love for the Soviet system of government.”
Abraham L. “Wirin chief counsel for the Southern California Chapter of the ACLU, who was sometimes referred to as “Mr. ACLU,” according to the Congressional Record of 1961, “formed a law partnership with Leo Gallagher and Grover Johnson. In 1954, Mr. Abraham L. Wirin was a candidate for the executive board of the National Lawyers Guild, which on September 21 1950, had been cited as a Communist front affiliation by the House Committee on UnAmerican Activities. Mr. Wirin’s law partner, Leo Gallagher ran for state office on the Communist Party ticket in 1936, and law partner, Grover Johnson, when asked by a governmental investigation agency if he had ever been a member of the Communist Party, refused to answer the question on the grounds that he might incriminate himself.”
Rev. A. A. Heist, was “executive director of the California Chapter of the ACLU in 1952...Rev. A. A. Heist was a signer to a statement to the president of the United States, defending the Communist Party. In 1952 Rev. Heist resigned his position in the ACLU to become director of a new organization which he founded, called the Citizens’ Committee to Preserve American Freedoms. This organization was run by its executive secretary, Mr. Frank Wilkinson, an identified Communist...The Citizens Committee to Preserve American Freedoms was cited as being a Communist front organization by the HCUA on April 3, 1959...The Reverend Heist stated in a speech to an audience of high school and junior college students in Pasadena that "The Constitution of the United States is outmoded, outdated, and impotent." But according to the ACLU, one of its stated goals [was] to "preserve the Constitution."
Prof. William A. Kilpatrick, who was a prominent member of the ACLU on the east coast. According to the Congressional Record, in his book, “The Teacher and Society” published in 1939, wrote: “The revolution by force was probably necessary in Russia, but it would not be necessary in America. Here, the same goals could be achieved by effectuating change within the framework of the Constitution.”
Now in light of what we have learned thus far, let us now take a look at a few items taken from a list of 45 Communist goals that were entered into the United States Congressional Record of Thursday January 10 1963:
"Eliminate the House Committee on UnAmerican Activities."
"Infiltrate and gain control of big business."
"Discredit the American Constitution by calling it inadequate, old fashioned, out of step with modern needs..."
“Use technical decisions of the courts to weaken basic American institutions by claiming their activities violate civil rights.”
“Get control of the schools. Use them as transmission belts for Socialism and current Communist propaganda. Soften the curriculum. Get control of teachers’ associations, put the party line in textbooks.”
“Present homosexuality, degeneracy and promiscuity as “normal, natural, healthy.”
“Infiltrate the churches and replace revealed religion with “social” religion. Discredit the bible and emphasize the need for intellectual maturity which does not need a “religious crutch.”
“Eliminate prayer or any phase of religious expression in the schools on the ground that it violates the principal of “separation of church and state.”
Is it coming into focus fellow Catholics?
Communism has long been an avowed enemy of Christianity, and Communism is alive and well in the form of the American Civil Liberties Union! But perhaps we should give the ACLU the benefit of the doubt.
After all, this information is over forty years old is it not? Perhaps the ACLU has since cleaned up its act.
Perhaps the ACLU has long abandoned its transparently obvious Communist agenda.
Well as they say, “the proof is in the pudding.” So let us see what the ACLU has been up to since this list of Communist goals was entered into the United States Congressional Record in 1963, and its lead founder and key members identified as Communists in 1961:
According to the Christian Intelligence Digest, the ACLU, under the guise of “civil rights” has sued to:
“Halt the singing of Christmas carols in public places.”
“Remove all Christian symbols from public property.”
“Prohibit Bible reading in classrooms even during free time.”
“Remove in God we trust from our coins.”
“Remove [under] God from our Pledge of Allegiance.”
“Deny federal funding for the Boy Scouts until they admit gays and lesbians.
And if all of this is not enough, then let us consider the following:
In 1973 the ACLU was involved in the cases of Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton, In which the Supreme Court ruled that the Constitutional right of privacy extended to women seeking abortions.
In 1977, the ACLU defended the right of Nazis to march and demonstrate in the village of Skokie Illinois (Skokie had a large Jewish population at the time).
In 1986 the ACLU created its “Lesbian and Gay Rights Project.” In 1997, the ACLU won a decision in the U.S. Supreme Court to protect the rights of pornographers on the Internet, including their right to show their images to children.
In 2000 (in what is, as of this writing, an ongoing case), the ACLU defended the NORTH AMERICAN MAN-BOY LOVE ASSOCIATION (NAMBLA), an association whose officials, according to the Globe, have said their main goal is “the abolition of age-of-consent laws that classify sex with children as rape.”
In 2001 the ACLU sued the Anaheim public school system for refusing to put homosexual propaganda in the district’s high school libraries.
Finally, as I write this, on early Good-Friday morning, March 25 2005, the ACLU has played an "important" role in the starvation-killing of a young, Catholic Florida woman by the name of Terri Schiavo!
Now I ask you fellow Catholics, is there any difference between this and the starvation-killing of St. Maximilian Kolbe in the starvation camps of Natzi Germany? Oh, that’s right, forgive me there is a difference - in this instance, the ACLU has (at every turn) used the Florida judicial system against Terri Schiavo!
Now, does any of this sound compatible at all with the above-cited Communist goals to you?
Oh, and of course, who can forget the ACLU’S tireless battle against the Ten Commandments? The ACLU, in this particular instance, has chosen to ignore nearly four hundred years of incontrovertible American history that points to the unmistakable fact that the Ten Commandments have influenced the judicial system of law in this country.
In fact, according to a legal brief prepared by American Historian, David Barton, long before the framing of the Constitution, it was the Ten Commandments that were incorporated into the very first written codes of law in America. Let us take as examples, the first three Commandments:
“Thou shall have no other gods beside me,” was adopted in a 1610 law enacted by the Colony leaders of Virginia:
[S]ince we owe our highest and supreme duty, our greatest and all our allegiance to Him from whom all power and authority is derived, and flows as from the first and only fountain...I do strictly command and charge all captains and officers...to have a care that the Almighty God be duly and daily served and that they call upon their people to hear sermons...”
Likewise the Second Commandment, “Thou shall have no idols,” according to Mr. Barton, was incorporated into a 1680 New Hampshire law which declared:
“Idolatry. It is enacted by ye Assembly and ye authority thereof, yet if any person having had the knowledge of the true God openly and manifestly have or worship any other god but the Lord God, he shall be put to death.”
The Third Commandment, “Thou shall not take God’s name in vain,” according to Mr. Barton was also incorporated into a 1610 Virginia law:
“That no man speak impiously or maliciously against the holy and blessed Trinity or any of the three persons...upon pain of death.”
According to Mr. Barton, “similar Laws can be found in Massachusetts in 1641, Connecticut in 1642, New Hampshire in 1680, Pennsylvania in 1682, 1700, and 1741, South Carolina in 1695, North Carolina in 1741, etc.”
And so you see, it is an indisputable, historical fact that the Ten Commandments have played an important role in the shaping and molding of American judicial law. William Findley, a soldier in the Revolution and a U.S. Congressman agreed wholeheartedly when he declared:
“[I]t pleased God to deliver on Mount Sinai a compendium of His holy law and to write it with His own hand on durable tables of stone. This law, which is commonly called the Ten Commandments or Decalogue...is immutable and universally obligatory...[and] was incorporated in the judicial law.”
But yet, under the guise of "separation of church and state" the ACLU has convinced courts throughout a Christian land that to display the very instrument from which, according to the 1950 Florida Supreme Court, has "evolved the Bill of Rights, the Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution" is actually unconstitutional under the First Amendment!?
And how many of us have bought this devious fabrication, hook-line-and-sinker?!
But you see, in order for the Communist plot to come to fruition it is imperative that Christianity be eliminated from the public square. For only in a Godless society can the dark, enslaving power of Communism truly find its abode. But the ACLU, like the Communists of old, fail to come to terms with one persistent little fact. And it is simply this:
The principles, values, and laws of Christianity have long been written across the hearts of the Christian people by the founder of that one, true religion - Jesus Christ!
Therefore, there is not a gas chamber on this planet, not a starvation camp in all of Natzi Germany, and no amount of litigation by the Communist ACLU today, that will ever quell the fire that burns in the heart of the American Christian!
So we say, brace yourself ACLU because you have chosen an opponent that has witnessed the rise and fall of every failed institution that has ever been erected in the past two thousand years.
It has witnessed the rise of the Communist ACLU and make no mistake about it fellow Catholics, it will witness its inevitable fall!!
God bless fellow Catholics and pray for the future of America, and pray too for the conversion of the ACLU.
"The American people will never knowingly adopt socialism, but under the name of liberalism they will adopt every fragment of the socialist program. Until one day America will be a socialist nation without ever knowing how it happened."
(Norman Thomas, six time Socialist Party presidential candidate, and one of the founders of the ACLU).
"Do steer away from making it look like a Socialist enterprise...We want also to look like patriots in everything we do. we want to get a good lot of flags, talk a good deal about the Constitution and what our forefathers wanted to make of this country, and to show that we are really the folks who stand for the spirit of our institutions."
(Roger Baldwin, lead founder of the ACLU).
"The ACLU may be definitely classified as a Communist front or transmission belt organization."
(California Fact Finding Committee on UnAmerican Activities, 1948 report, page 107).